I've watched a video or two by Anthony Patch on this topic a while back the model of an earlier Saturn centric solar system and golden age of chronos etc but haven't put enough hours into digging to say much.
It is quite fascinating that Saturn was often called Helios to the ancient civilizations. Here are several quotations from sourced books detailing this phenomenon. There are several theories as to why Saturn would be equated with the Sun, however in my opinion, Lucifer the light bearer needed a place to call home. If he can have a throne here on earth(london), then why can he not also have one on Saturn, above the clouds.
How you have fallen from heaven, morning star, son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations!
You said in your heart, “I will ascend to the heavens; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of Mount Zaphon.
I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.”
Perhaps the banishment to Tartarus, although no doubt a place of dense spiritual darkness to the fallen angels, also represents a limitation as to where the fallen angels can influence things within the physical universe, in order to prevent them from doing anymore damage than they have already done. The solar system, although big to us, would most certainly be a small prison for the spiritual beings confined within it, who no doubt could go anywhere they want within the universe. Knowing that this, the solar system, was all they had to work with, Saturn and his demons conjured up the plan for planet worship. It is in this way that Satan resides above man as their God, through Saturn(his heavenly throne), he misleads mankind to worship him. Anyways, just a theory I am working on at the moment.
Anyways, here is a short list of quotes presenting the Saturn = Helios information.
“From Testimonies of learned authors, which makes Saturn the same with Bel…”The Greeks” call Baal, Bel; who they say is the same with Saturn. The Phoenicians and Syrians call Saturn Bel and Hel; whence not improbably our old God Hel, formerly Famous in Britain, and the Father of our Cassibelinas is sometimes styled Hel, or Heli….”
-The Athenian oracle: Athenian society(1691-1697), pg.318
”Haul: the sun. Gr., Helios. Heb., Halal, to shine. Helel
., The morning star(Sun).
-Antiquae lingual britannicae thesaurus: Thomas Richards
Helel is also the name of Lucifer
”Helios, the Sun or Sun-god of Ancient Greece…The worship of the sun was practiced also among the ancient Roman’s, not however under the name of Helios which was particular to Greece, but under that of Sol.”
-The Faiths of the World: An account of All Religions and Religious…, Volume 2, (1858), pg. 16
“Sol, Saturn, Jupiter, and Vulcan, were all one; being titles of the chief deity,-the Sun”
-The trinities of the ancients, Robert Mushet(1837), pg. 235
Kronos, of who Karnaios is a variant, also reappears as the radiant and glorious Sun-God in the familiar and beautiful passage in Pindar”
-Semitic Influence in Hellenic Mythology: Robert Brown(1898), pg. 117
The Egyptian counterpart of the Greek ‘Kronos’ was Keb[Geb] the Great Orb. Kronos when dissected becomes “AK-UR-ON-OS”, the great fire, the one Light…’AK, UR, and ON’ are three ancient names for the sun.”
-The Shining Ones, Philip Gardiner, Pg. 191
“The celebrated ancient poet of Nonus, gives to Hercules the name of Helios, or Sun, and further says, that he is the same god that divers people adore under a host of different names-as Belus upon the shores of the Euphrates, Ammon in Lydia, Apis in Memphis, Saturn in Arabia, Jupiter in Assyria, Serapis in Egypt, Helios with the Babylonians, Apollo at Delphi, and Esculapius in all Greece.”
-The existence of Christ disproved by irresistible evidence, in a series of letters by a German Jew(1843), pg 86
“Phoebus-Apollo was the god of light in a twofold signification: first, as representing the great orb of day which illuminates the world; and secondly, as the heavenly light which animates the soul of man. He inherited his function as sun-god from Helios…”
-The Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome: E.M. Berens(1880), pg 70
Greek astronomical lore also preserves Saturn’s connection with the Sun. With reference to the Babylonian star-worshippers, the chronicler Diodorus writes: “To the one we call Saturn they give a special name, ‘Sun-star.’” Various manuscripts of the Epinomis, traditionally ascribed to Plato but now thought to be the work of Philip of Opus, substitute the name Helios for Kronos, in apparent recognition of the ancient identification of Saturn as the star of the sun.”
-Martian Metamorphoses: The Planet Mars in Ancient Myth and Religion, pg. 59
According to Ptolemy, the people of Persia and Mesopotamia worship the star Aphrodite(Venus), naming it Isis, and the star Kronos(Saturn) as Mithras Helios. Saturn, known as the nocturnal Sun…”
-The Dying God: The Hidden history of Western Civilizations: by David Livingston, Pg. 194
”Diodorus Siculus reported that the Chaldeans called Cronus (Saturnus
) by the name Helios, or the Sun, and he explained that this was because Saturn
was the "most conspicuous" of the planets.“
“The star the Greeks call Kronos they call the star Helios-meaning that Saturn is identified with the sun…”
-Ancient Astronomy and Celestial Divination, Noel M. Swerdlow, pg. 2
This volume presents recent work on Babylonian celestialdivination and on the Greek inheritors of the Babyloniantradition.In the ancient world, the collectio...
For those who want to read an incredibly well written research article about Saturns baffling association with the sun, and why Saturn was deemed to be ‘black’.
Saturn as the “Sun of Night” in Ancient Near Eastern Tradition∗